OSEE is the most complicated exploit development certification. It was created by Offensive Security. The exam evaluates the content of the Advanced Windows Exploitation course (EXP-401), as well as professionals' lateral thinking and adaptability to challenges. They have 72 hours to perform a thorough pentest on vulnerable software and report it with sufficient detail, including the exploit methods employed.
OSCE3 is a certification created by Offensive Security. It is awarded to individuals who have gained the OSED, OSWE and OSEP certifications. This means that candidates have to prove they can build exploits from scratch, identify and exploit vulnerabilities in web apps, and conduct penetration testing against hardened systems, respectively.
OSCE is a certification focused on advanced penetration testing skills, created by Offensive Security. In an intense 48-hour exam, the professionals prove they can develop exploits, execute attacks and obtain administrative access. OSCEs can think outside the box and perform with persistence, even under pressure.
OSED is an exploit development certification, created by Offensive Security. It is one of three certifications that make up the new OSCE3 certification, along with the OSWE for web application security and the OSEP for penetration testing. In an intense 48-hour exam, professionals prove they can find bugs in a binary application and build an exploit from scratch, craft exploits for common security mitigations and use the technique to bypass data execution.
OSEP is a certification created by Offensive Security. Candidates have to prove they are skilled in advanced penetration testing techniques. The challenges include bypassing security mechanisms and evading defenses while executing advanced organized attacks in a focused manner.
OSWE is a certification designed to demonstrate the ability to exploit web apps, which is recommended to be obtained after OSCP. In a 48-hour exam within an isolated VPN, professionals assess and attack different web apps and operating systems. They must prove their skills by identifying vulnerabilities and then exploiting them.
OSCP is a professional certification in ethical hacking developed by Offensive Security. It is the first fully hands-on offensive information security certification in the world. It requires the professionals to prove that they have a clear understanding of the penetration testing process and lifecycle through an arduous 24-hour exam.
OSWP is the only professional certification in practical wireless attacks in the security field today. In a hands-on exam, an OSWP must prove they have the skills to do 802.11 wireless audits using open source tools.
eCPTX is the most advanced pentesting certification created by eLearnSecurity and is now in its second version. Individuals under evaluation must conduct a penetration test on a corporate network based on a real-world scenario. They have to apply several sophisticated methodologies, stay under the radar the entire time and give solid evidence of their findings to obtain this certification.
eWPTXv2 is a certification created by eLearnSecurity. This is the most advanced web application pentesting certification. It evaluates the candidate's skills to perform an expert-level penetration test. eWPTXv2 assesses a person's expertise in two main aspects:
Advanced reporting skills and remediation
Ability to create custom exploits when modern tools fail
eCRE is a certification created by eLearnSecurity. It certifies that the individual is capable of performing reverse engineering on Windows-based applications. Candidates have to pass a challenging theoretical exam and successfully complete a practical test where they prove their ability to analyze complex algorithms and code, and to bypass different code obfuscation methods.
eCXD is a certification created by eLearnSecurity. It tests the individual's ability to detect software vulnerabilities. In addition, it evaluates their skill to develop exploits on Linux and Windows. eCXD tests are based on real-world scenarios. Subjects under evaluation must show knowledge in advanced exploit methodologies. Moreover, they must go further by devising alternative exploitation paths.
eMAPT is a certification created by eLearnSecurity. This certification is intended to be achieved by cybersecurity experts with advanced mobile application security knowledge. It evaluates the candidate's skills to perform an expert-level analysis and penetration test. To do so, they must perform manual exploitation, reverse engineering and decryption in two Android applications.
eWPTv1 is a certification created by eLearnSecurity. It is the only certification for Web Application Penetration testers that evaluates the ability to attack a target. It assesses a cybersecurity professional's web application penetration testing skills. The eWPTv1 certification assesses the expertise of a person in two main aspects:
Penetration testing processes and methodologies
Web application analysis and inspection
eCTHPv2 is a certification created by eLearnSecurity. Candidates have to prove their threat hunting and threat identification capabilities in a practical test modeled after real-world corporate network vulnerabilities. Up-to-date knowledge of advanced attack techniques, as well as proficiency in event analysis and network traffic inspection are required to complete the test successfully. In addition, candidates must prove that they can propose suitable defense strategies.
eCMAP is a certification created by eLearnSecurity. It is the most practical and professionally-oriented certification in malware analysis. In order to achieve it, candidates have to analyze a malware sample, demonstrate its functionality, write a signature that can be used to detect the malware in other systems or networks, and provide a detailed professional report.
CRTO is a certification created by Zero-Point Security. In order to earn it, candidates must pass a 48-hour practical examination in which they prove they can achieve multiple domain takeovers. They must be able to provide an adversarial perspective, challenging assumptions that an organization makes about its security practices, and identify areas that need improvement in its operational defense.
CRTE is a fully hands-on certification issued by Pentester Academy. This certification guarantees a person with the expertise to assess the security of an unknown Windows infrastructure and recognize misconfigurations and abuses.
CRTP is a fully hands-on certification issued by Pentester Academy. This certification guarantees that the person has the expertise to assess the security of an Active Directory environment. Professionals compromise Active Directory by abusing features and functionalities without relying on patchable exploits.
CARTP is a fully hands-on certification issued by Pentester Academy. Candidates must pass a 24-hour exam. Their task is to compromise all the resources across a multi-tenant Azure environment. This certification guarantees that the person has the expertise to understand and assess the security of this type of environment.
PNPT is a certification created by TCM Security. Candidates must prove their ability to perform a network penetration test at a professional level. This involves expertly gathering OSINT and using internal and external penetration testing techniques.
CEH (Master) is a professional certification by the International Electronic Commerce Council (EC-Council). In order to earn it, candidates have to prove their expert knowledge of ethical hacking techniques and tools used by malicious hackers. Moreover, they have to prove they can use this knowledge to look for vulnerabilities in a realistic corporate network environment.
CEH is a professional certification by the International Electronic Commerce Council (EC-Council). This council certifies professionals in the security discipline of ethical hacking. It is unaffiliated with any commercial entity and is considered independent and impartial.
C)PTC is a certification created by Mile2. In order to earn it, candidates must prove their expertise in penetration testing by exploiting zero-day vulnerabilities, bypassing security mechanisms such as ASLR and DEP, personalizing existing exploits and chaining vulnerabilities together to elevate privileges. Additionally, they must pass a theoretical exam focused on advanced penetration testing and exploitation concepts.
C)SWAE is a certification created by Mile2. In order to earn it, candidates must pass a theoretical exam, proving they know how to design and build web applications that do not have common vulnerabilities, as well as how to test and validate a web application's security, reliability and resistance.
C)PTE is a certification created by Mile2. In order to earn it, candidates must pass a theoretical exam, proving in-depth knowledge in penetration testing key elements, such as information gathering, network scanning and enumeration, vulnerability exploitation, and reporting. Apart from these skills, candidates must also have advanced conceptual knowledge in technology, engineering and programming.
CompTIA PenTest+ is a certification given to cybersecurity professionals who pass a comprehensive theoretical exam, proving their vast knowledge about all the stages of penetration testing. In this exam they also have to prove their vulnerability assessment and management skills.
CPSA is a certification created by CREST. Candidates must pass a theoretical exam, proving basic knowledge in assessing operating systems and common network services. Additionally, the exam tests candidates' intermediate-level knowledge in web application security testing and methods to identify common web application security vulnerabilities. Moreover, candidates must understand the benefits of penetration testing for clients according to their requirements.