R045. Remove metadata when sharing files

Requirement

The organization must remove file metadata before sharing it or making it public.

References

  1. CWE-1230: Exposure of Sensitive Information Through Metadata The product prevents direct access to a resource containing sensitive information, but it does not sufficiently limit access to metadata that is derived from the original, sensitive information.

  2. GDPR. Art. 25: Data protection by design and by default.(1) The controller shall, both at the time of the determination of the means for processing and at the time of the processing itself, implement appropriate technical and organizational measures.

  3. GDPR. Recital 51: Protecting sensitive personal data. Personal data which are, by their nature, particularly sensitive in relation to fundamental rights and freedoms merit specific protection as the context of their processing could create significant risks to the fundamental rights and freedoms.

  4. OWASP Top 10 A3:2017-Sensitive Data Exposure. Many web applications and APIs do not properly protect sensitive data, such as financial, healthcare, and PII. Attackers may steal or modify such weakly protected data to conduct credit card fraud, identity theft, or other crimes. Sensitive data may be compromised without extra protection, such as encryption at rest or in transit, and requires special precautions when exchanged with the browser.

  5. OWASP-ASVS v4.0.1 V4.3 Other Access Control Considerations.(4.3.2) Verify that directory browsing is disabled unless deliberately desired. Additionally, applications should not allow discovery or disclosure of file or directory metadata, such as Thumbs.db, .DS_Store, .git or .svn folders.

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