R169. Use parameterized queries


The system must use parameterized queries or stored procedures to create dynamic sentences (e.g., java.sql.PreparedStatement).


  1. CAPEC-7: Blind SQL Injection. Blind SQL Injection results from an insufficient mitigation for SQL Injection. Blind SQL Injection is a form of SQL Injection that overcomes the lack of error messages.

  2. CAPEC-248: Command Injection. An adversary looking to execute a command of their choosing, injects new items into an existing command thus modifying interpretation away from what was intended.

  3. CWE-89: SQL Injection. The software constructs all or part of an SQL command using externally-influenced input from an upstream component, but it does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes special elements that could modify the intended SQL command.

  4. OWASP Top 10 A1:2017-Injection. Injection flaws, such as SQL, NoSQL, OS, and LDAP injection, occur when untrusted data is sent to an interpreter as part of a command or query. The attacker’s hostile data can trick the interpreter into executing unintended commands or accessing data without proper authorization.

  5. OWASP-ASVS v4.0.1 V5.3 Output encoding and Injection Prevention Requirements.(5.3.4) Verify that data selection or database queries (e.g., SQL, HQL, ORM, NoSQL) use parameterized queries, ORMs, entity frameworks, or are otherwise protected from database injection attacks.

  6. PCI DSS v3.2.1 - Requirement 6.5.1 Address common coding vulnerabilities in software-development processes such as injection flaws, particularly SQL injection. Also consider OS Command Injection, LDAP and XPath injection flaws as well as other injection flaws.

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